Will an international legal assessment be given to the "massacre in Bucha"?
Baku/05.04.22/Turan: April 3 was one of the most terrible days of the war started by Russia against Ukraine. The Ukrainian military discovered the corpses of people in civilian clothes with their hands tied behind their backs in the Bucha, a satellite-town of the capital of Ukraine Kiev. AFP journalists counted at least 22 dead in civilian clothes. The mayor of the city Anatoly Fedoruk told reporters that they were shot in the back of the head.
Fedoruk confirmed that the bodies of 280 people were buried in common graves, as it was impossible to bury them in ordinary cemeteries because of the fighting that took place those days.
On Monday, April 4, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky visited Bucha, where he stated that Ukraine would "continue diplomatic and military efforts" in order to stop the Russian aggression. He also stated that "war crimes in Bucha and other cities during the Russian occupation will be the subject of consideration in the UN Security Council."
The world community calls the incident a genocide and discusses the tightening of sanctions against Moscow.
But how should the tragedy in Bucha be qualified from the point of view of international law? Elman Fattah, an expert on international issues, talks about this in the "Difficult Question" program.
According to him, the "massacre in Bucha" is characterized as a war crime. There are facts of violation of both the Geneva Convention and the 1998 Rome Statute. International Criminal Court defines 4.
“Russia in Bucha grossly violated the principles and norms of humanitarian law. However, these violations have taken place and are taking place not only in Bucha, but also throughout the territory of Ukraine, which is under the occupation of Russian troops,” Fattah said.
In his opinion, the crimes committed by the Russian military are so monstrous that even now, without an investigation, it can be said that the tragedy occurred in Bucha is a war crime.
“The war in Ukraine was just beginning, and the prosecutor’s office in Rome had already begun its work. It is investigating Russian military activities. Russia will have to answer,” the expert believes. -0-